Flow of speech
- Greetings For Audience
- Self Introduction[If needed]
- Attention Grabber/ Generate curiosity
- Historical Context and Roots of Corruption in India
- Types of corruption prevalent in the political system
- Impact of Corruption on Society and Governance
- Major corruption scandals in India
- Efforts made to combat corruption
- Challenges in Fighting Corruption
- Role of Media and Whistleblowers in exposing corruption
- Public Opinion and Perception of Corruption in India
- Conclusion and Call to Action
My most sincere and heartfelt greetings extend to my exceptional star, the esteemed educators, and all other members of the faculty, as well as to my fellow scholars in this esteemed academy. It is indeed an honor to have this opportunity to address such an esteemed gathering.
Corruption is dishonest conduct on the part of those in authority. Both individuals and members of groups, such as businesses or governments, can abuse their power. Corruption occurs when someone in a position of authority uses their power to influence outcomes or engages in any other dishonest or fraudulent behavior, such as giving or receiving bribes or inappropriate gifts, conducting shady business transactions, influencing elections, rerouting money, laundering cash, or defrauding investors.
What good is an argument against corruption without some examples? So, here are a few things that you’ve probably encountered in your life. Have you ever applied for admission for yourself, your siblings, or both to a prestigious university? In a couple of the universities, you can see that bribery opens the door if you are ineligible for admission. Sounds pitiful, huh? But these days, this is a terrible reality. Everything, unless in little or more ways, is induced with corruption, from earning entrance to reputable colleges to being elected with many votes.
However, political corruption is the worst and most prevalent form of corruption. Legally speaking, political corruption, often known as mal politics, is the use of authority by public servants or the people they know for illicit personal benefit. This type is the most worrying because it undermines the fundamental principles of the laws that guide and regulate society, leading to a huge mess across the nation.
You may all be thinking that this only occurs in established and modern cities, but that is untrue. It happens all over India. The common man unnecessarily falls victim to the dishonest tactics of this game, which includes metropolitan cities, towns, and villages. Because of how high corruption has risen, only stringent legal measures will be able to curtail but not eliminate this corrupt mentality.
Then what are the impacts of it? All nations are impacted by the complex social, political, and economic issues known as corruption. Corruption threatens democratic institutions, stifles economic growth, and fuels political instability. By skewing voting processes, subverting the rule of law, and establishing bureaucratic tangles whose sole purpose is to collect bribes, corruption undermines the foundation of democratic institutions. Foreign direct investment is discouraged, and corruption frequently makes it impossible for new firms within the nation to cover the “start-up costs” necessary. These factors impede economic development.
The poor and the marginalized are the groups who are most affected by corruption. It influences how resources are used. Markets become distorted. Delivery of services is affected. In the end, it lowers people’s quality of life. Kautilya claims in the Arthashastra that it is the responsibility of the state to increase its resources in order to maximize the welfare of its citizens. Combating corruption is necessary to reach this objective. Fighting corruption is thus our sacred obligation to the public.
If corruption in the community is allowed to continue growing, it will lead to an increase in criminal activity and organized crime. Then how to manage it?
Corruption can be managed and reduced in a variety of ways. One of the most important first stages is education. It may aid in bolstering ethical corporate conduct. People will be able to spot corruption in this way. Anti-money laundering education courses must become required. Senior members of the management team must set an open and transparent culture by setting an excellent example. Additionally, accountability systems can aid in reducing corruption. Holding those who violate the rules accountable will aid in fostering an ethical culture that will encourage ethical behavior. As a result, a strong control environment can dramatically lower it. Furthermore, if reporting corruption is made straightforward, it may be easier to reduce it. Anyone, whether an employee, client, management or even a supplier, must have the freedom to report it without fear. Before placing someone in a position of authority, doing a thorough background investigation on the person or organization is another crucial step.
Speech No.2: Speech on Steps Taken By The Government To Stop Corruption
Ladies and gentlemen,
Today, I stand before you to highlight the commendable steps taken by the Government of India to prevent corruption in our beloved country. Throughout history, corruption has hindered the progress and development of nations. However, the Government of India has recognized the harmful effects of corruption and has taken significant steps to combat this menace. Let’s highlight some of these key steps.
First and foremost, the government has implemented several legislative reforms to strengthen anti-corruption laws and institutions. As a result of the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act of 2013, an independent ombudsman body was established to investigate and prosecute cases of corruption against public officials, including politicians and bureaucrats. The purpose of this act is to ensure greater transparency and accountability within the government.
Moreover, the government has implemented various measures to promote transparency in public administration and reduce corruption. The Right to Information Act 2005 has given citizens the right to get information about the functioning of government departments and the utilization of funds, thereby reducing the opportunities for corruption. The Act has played an important role in fostering a culture of accountability and curbing corrupt practices.
Additionally, the Government of India has adopted digitization and technology to reduce corruption and streamline government processes. Implementation of e-governance initiatives such as digitization of land records, income tax filing, and online procurement systems has significantly reduced human intervention, thereby reducing the scope for bribery and corruption.
In addition, the government has taken decisive steps to tackle corruption in the financial sector. The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has simplified the taxation system and eliminated multiple layers of taxation, thereby reducing opportunities for corruption and tax evasion. The demonetization drive in 2016 was aimed at curbing black money and corruption by invalidating high-value currency notes and promoting digital transactions.
The government has also given priority to preventive measures to curb corruption. Whistleblower protection mechanisms have been strengthened to encourage individuals to report corruption without fear of retaliation. The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, of 2016 has been enacted to target illegal transactions and curb the use of shell companies for money laundering and corruption.
Additionally, the government has encouraged international cooperation to combat corruption. India has ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) and actively participates in global initiatives for the recovery and repatriation of assets acquired through corrupt practices. This collaboration with other countries reinforces India’s commitment to combat corruption at the global level.
Finally, the government has stressed the importance of creating awareness and promoting ethical behavior. Campaigns such as “zero tolerance for corruption” aim to garner public support and promote a culture of integrity and honesty. These campaigns combined with educational programs inculcate the values of transparency and ethics in society from a young age.
In conclusion, the Government of India has taken important steps to curb corruption in our country. From legislative reforms to technological advancements, and preventive measures to international cooperation and awareness campaigns to moral education, the government’s efforts have been wide-ranging and multi-faceted. While eliminating corruption completely may be a complex task, these steps have undoubtedly laid a strong foundation for a more transparent, accountable, and corruption-free India.
Add In Your Speech
Anti-corruption laws in India
- Indian Penal Code, 1860.
- Prosecution section of Income Tax Act, 1961.
- The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Act, of 1988 prohibits Benami transactions.
- Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002.